Archivo de la etiqueta: C119

New growth

lush lithops 1
Lithops julii fulleri C162 A

lush lithops 2
You can almost hear the sound of the jelly cracking this morning! A few hours later the new body of Lithops lesliei venteri ‘maraisi’ C153  is almost there. The sun shining through the transparent walls of the crack reveals the red dots you couldn’t see ever before nor in the newly formed leaves.

Lush lithops 3

lush lithops 3:hallii
Lithops hallii C119.

lush lithops 4: hookeri brunneoviolaceaLithops hookeri subfenestrata ‘brunneoviolacea’ C019.

lush lithops 6: Lithops julii brunnea
Lithops julii brunnea C179. The windows are almost green this one, a very nice one to my biased eye.

lush Lithops 7: Lithops fulviceps
Lithops fulviceps, C266.

lush Lithops 8: Lithops hookeri
Lithops hookeri subfenestrata ‘brunneoviolacea’ C019.

Lush lithops 9: L. aucampiae
Another one that split open: Lithops aucampiae C333. At a closer look you can see that the ‘jelly’ is actually green in this species: chlorophyll containing cells all over the sides of the leaves. And not the hint of green can be seen from outside!

lush lithops 10: Lithops C179
Lithops julii brunnea C179: The new face looks quite different from the old one. The grey, almost blue windows with ocre islands and the strong lateral markings are very distinctive.

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Anything but nice

Rarely you will find an entry dealing with our dead ones. The end of our efforts, the loss of a plants life, the sad outcome of a wrong culture. Though every gardener has made the experience, it seldom makes a subject for photographs. The failure in sucess is taboo. You don’t want to show nor share.

Taboo 1 optica rubraAlready bought as a replacement of another Lithops optica ‘Rubra’, this one didn’t survive the first summer. Odd colours bid farewell. And again there is no partner for the eventual flower of the remaining ‘Rubra’.

Taboo 2 verruculosaA young hatchling of Lithops verruculosa had successfully managed to grow it’s first pair of true leaves and then suddenly dies. The brothers of the same batch grow without problems.

Taboo 3 bromf mennelliiThis shrunken head of Lithops bromfieldii mennellii was a fairly recent acquisition. The biggest of three didn’t make it over the first watering. The other two are happy and growing.

Yesterday the day begun cloudy. Unshaded, the planter with Lithops seedlings stood in full sun for some hours as the day got sunnier. Some resented it and did not fully rehidrate during the night. They still are turgent to some extend though, so it  could be that those who went whitish are those preparing a new pair of leaves. There is always a bit of wishful thinking when it comes to taboos!

halliiLithops hallii, C 119

verruculosa taboo 5Lithops verruculosa , C 129

taboo fulviceps 6Lithops fulviceps , C266

taboo frithia 7Only severely shrunken: Frithia pulchra seedling with two leaves.

tabooDeath is spreading. Not only this four pretty verruculosa, but the  Frithia seedling, three more L. hallii, one L. dinteri, three L. fulviceps, … are collapsing. What begun as sun-stress has turned out being some much more virulent rot.

This is sad. No wonder I’d prefer not to write about it.

taboo 8 o 9
Did I mention? Water quality is paramount when watering the first time after summer – in fact, not only the first time, but every watering. Never use ‘old’, ‘rest’-water. The bacteria and other microorganism will feed on the Lithops. Even more if the weather is still warm. I know that. But why do I – mindlessly – just pour some old cup with water in it over my Lithops? Didn’t need to verify an old  theory ,,, This is part of what is left of Lithops lesliei albinica.

taboo 10
Still hope for this one, Lithops salicola, which has severe damage on one leaf. The rest is still turgid and looking right, so hopefully this one may survive.

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So small is small!

rodde pimient small 2

There now is some evidence that a pea does not quite serve as a   rule for the size of Lithops seedlings. To big in most cases and far to much volumen in comparison to the body of a junior living stone.

Here comes the common peppercorn. Nearly 5 mm and only a quarter of the volume of a pea. That will make the difference.

so small is 2.1For obvious resaons – visibility and glamour – I cannot refrain from choosing the pink peppercorn as reference.

Lets see if it works:

L. hookeri C019 and a pink peppercornhookeri and pink pepperkornL. dinteri C206 and a pink peppercorndinteri  small 5L. hallii C119 and a pink peppercornhalli and pink 7L. fulviceps C266 and  the pink peppercornfulviceps and pink 8L. karasmontana ‘Top Red’ and a peppercornkaras and pink 9L. pseudotruncatella C068 and a pink peppercornpsuedo and pink 6What do you think? A peppercorn fits better, doesn’t it?

albinica and peppercornAt least for juvenile Lithops. L. lesliei ‘albinica’ and a pink peppercorn.
how small is ... conophytum 10

And it works for Conophytum as well. This C. violaciflorum just hatched in its first winter/rainy season.

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The first leaves in the life of different Lithops species – a comparison

Lithops generally are easy to germinate. Most seeds, if not to fresh, will sprout in a few days, and there will be germinations many weeks later, too.

The embryo quickly forms a body, consisting of the two cotyledons or seed leaves and a tiny tap root.

At this stage, all you see is very green and extremely frail. Two green tips and a fissure in the middle – one millimeter all in all.

green cotyledon

The fine gravel looks like big boulders but soon the young plant will be able to push its way up to more light and sun. The tiny plant  changes quickly into the caracteristic shape of its species – a flat cotyledon like e.g. in L. lesliei or L. aucampiae, or barrel-shaped as for instance in L. bromfieldii. One other characteristic is the length of the tiny fissure, where the two fused cotyledons leave a gap for the next pair of leaves to emerge – the first true pair of leaves of the young Lithops plant.

terricolor 200 1Terricolor 85d 200terri 108d 200

left: 39 days old; right: 85 days old; bottom: 108 days old

 Lithops terricolor ‘peersii’ C131 has an apple-shaped cotyledon with short fissure. The hatchling changes  into a loaf-of-bread-like  shape with a short fissure.

verruculosa 39dverruculosa 51dverruculosa 170d

left: 39 days old; right: 51 days old, bottom: 170 days old

Lithops verruculosa var. verruculosa C129 has little, reddish-grey, barrel-shaped cotyledons with long fissure and a distinct pair of first leaves . The fissure extends over the whole face, bordered with ruby-red verruculae.

pseudotruncatella 36 dayspseudotruncatella 47dpseudotruncaella 176d

left: 36days old; right: 47days old; bottom:176 days old

Lithops pseudotruncatella ‘alpina’ C068 quickly forms ruby red, tiny barrel-shaped bodies. The colour fades to a dull greenish brown just until the first true leaves appear. The little plant is 2 – 4 mm wide. Very short fissure, hardly visible.

otzeniana 39dotzeniana 86dotzeniana 170d

left: 39days old; right: 86 days old; bottom: 170days old

Lithops otzeniana C280 does not germinate as readily. The young cotyledon-bodies are green with a red hue and apple-shaped. The fissure runs through 3/4 of the surface. While the first pair of leaves appear, the cotyedons persist and split deeply. The fissure of the newly formed body runs from side to side.

lesliei maraisiilesliei maraisii 86dlesliei maraisii 103d

left: 14days old; right: 86 days old; bottom: 103 days old

 The cotyledons of Lithops lesliei ‘Maraisii’ C 153 form a flat elliptic body, shiny, grey with a lilac hue, and a small central fissure. The first true pair of leaves resemble the adult Lithops and have a short, reddish fissure.

julii brunnea 39djulii brunnea 98djulii brunnea 138d

left: 39days old; right: 98 days old; bottom: 138 days old

Lithops julii brunnea C179 has green or dull coloured, barrel-shaped bodies,  with a long fissure that nearly runs from side to side. The emerging Lithops looks like the adult and has a complete fissure.

hookeri subfenestrata brunneoviolaceaHookeri subfenestrata brunneociolacea

left: 126 days old; right: 175 days old

Lithops hookeri var. subfenestrata ‘brunneoviolacea’ C019 makes fairly big, flat-topped, barrel-shaped cotyledons, reddish and dark, with short fissures. Just before hatching the cotyledons fade to a dull beige. The emerging colourful body is flat,  with a short fissure that sometimes runs over half or more of the surface.

hallii hallii 86 dayshallii hallii 138 days

left: 86 days old; right: 138 days old

Medium dark grey cotyledons are characteristic of Lithops hallii C119, shiny and flat, with a strong and long fissure over rhe whole face of the body. The first true leaves display a new colour, and a complete fissure.

julii fulleriJulii fulleri 170 days

left: 39 days old; right: 170 days old

A very distinct first pair of leaves emerge from small and inconspicuous cotyledons.  The cotyledons of Lithops julii var. fulleri C162A are round and dull coloured, the fissure is long. The new body formed by the two true leaves rises high above the slowly drying cotyledon, with a complete fissure and the fully visible grey conus of the typical Lithops. These plants have recieved the same amount of light and sun as all those previously shown!

aumpiae cotyaucampiae hatchling

both plants are 175 days old!

Lithops aucampiae C333 do their own thing. While some hatch and grow, others still await looking at the outside world. Flat, shiny cotyledons, barrel-shaped with a distinct concave face with a rim, grey or reddish, always dark, short fissure. The new pair of leaves form a nearly round, textured body, with a short fissure.

L. lesliei lesliei 'luteoviridis'Lesliei luteoviridis 173d

left: 86days old; right: 173 days old

Lithops lesliei lesliei ‘luteoviridis’  has flat, elliptic, rimmed cotyledons. The fissure is half the length of the smaller diameter. The first leaves look like a small Lithops luteoviridis; with a short fissure, as in all lesliei- seedlings I’ve seen.